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The risk is greatest when either is used at higher doses or in combination with each other cholesterol medication generic names order lasuna 60caps with visa. There are case reports of peripartum heart failure, which are probably due to exacerbation of pre-existing cardiac dysfunction originating at the time of exposure to anthracyclines or radiotherapy (Hudson, 2010). Small case reports have suggested that these pregnancies may be obstetrically high risk. In the largest cohort study of 232 consecutive oocyte donation pregnancies, there was a high prevalence of miscarriage (40% after identification of a single gestational sac), pregnancy-induced hypertension (22%), prematurity (13%), low birth weight and small for gestational age (18% and 15%, respectively), caesarean section (61%), and postpartum haemorrhage (12%) with the quoted figures relating to singleton deliveries (Abdalla, et al. Threatened miscarriage in the first trimester (with subsequent live birth) was also common in the study of Abdalla and colleagues (11%) and in a smaller study by Pados and colleagues (35%) (Pados, et al. The authors concluded that, while women with an oocyte donation pregnancy should expect a good outcome, they should be cared for in a high-risk antenatal clinic. The risk of aneuploidy is related to the age of the donor, not the recipient, and should be taken into consideration during antenatal aneuploidy screening (Bowman and Saunders, 1994; Donnenfeld, et al. Although not common, spontaneous pregnancies can occur, especially in women with a mosaic karyotype rather than 45. It is not clear whether it is the underlying karyotype or that the pregnancy was the result of oocyte donation that increases the risks. All 7 pregnancies resulted in live births without any maternal complications, although one of the offspring had cerebral palsy. Total Percentage Study population Number of women with Turner 116 Syndrome who conceived Number of pregnancies 144 Number with 45,X karyotype 51 44% of women pregnant through oocyte donation Complications Delivery resulting in live birth 118 82% live birth rate Aortic dissection 2 1. However, a feature of published case studies was the inconsistent use of pre-conception cardiac screening, which might improve the outcome. Neonatal complications appeared less common than suggested by previous studies; in singleton pregnancies the preterm birth rate was 8. It is not known how many women were declined treatment based on an unfavourable pre-conception assessment and the same proportion of women was 45X0 as in the Hadnott & Bondy review (44%) (Hadnott, et al. The risk of birth defect or serious neonatal illness was 5 out of 44 (11%) live births in own oocyte pregnancies compared to 8 out of 118 (7%) live births in oocyte donation pregnancies (Karnis, 2012). However, it is not clear whether these figures include both major and minor congenital abnormalities or how many of the affected cases were due to other conditions (e. In a series of own oocyte pregnancies in Sweden, 2 or 3 out of 37 live births were affected by a major congenital abnormality (5. Pelvic irradiation is associated with increased obstetric risks due to poor uterine function, especially when exposure occurred before menarche. Anthracycline chemotherapy and cardiac irradiation are associated with cardiac failure, which may become clinically apparent in pregnancy.
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Recommendations for the Prevention cholesterol levels ldl vs. hdl discount 60 caps lasuna with amex, Detection and Management of Occupational Contact Dermatitis 2019 1 Eczema: the most common of the inflammatory dermatoses, comprising a group of skin disorders that exhibit a common pattern of histological and clinical findings, which vary depending on the stage of the disease. Secondary lesions include oozing, crusting, scaling, lichenification, 3 hyperkeratosis and fissuring. Excipients: Ingredients in medicines other than the active drug that are essential for their manufacture, stability and function. These ingredients should be inert; however, they do have the potential to cause 6 adverse effects in sensitive individuals. Filaggrin: A structural protein that is fundamental in the development and maintenance of the skin barrier. Mutations in the filaggrin gene result in reduced production of filaggrin, which has been shown 7 to be a risk factor for dermatitis. Hand hygiene relates to the removal of visible soil and removal or killing of transient microorganisms from the hands. Hand washing: the physical removal of microorganisms from the hands using soap (plain or antimicrobial) and running water. Hapten: A small molecule that elicits an immune response when bound to a carrier protein. Haptens have been used to boost immune responses to antigens; test for allergic contact dermatitis and inflammatory 8 bowel disease; and induce autoimmune responses, viral wart regression and antitumor immunity. Health care setting: Any location where health care is provided, including settings where emergency care is provided, hospitals, complex continuing care, rehabilitation hospitals, long-term care homes, mental health facilities, outpatient clinics, community health centres and clinics, physician offices, dental offices, independent health facilities, out-of-hospital premises, offices of other health professionals, public health clinics and home health care. Humectants: Bond with water molecules to increase water absorption from the dermis and from the atmosphere in humid conditions, penetrating the stratum corneum and retaining water in the epidermis. Infection: the entry and multiplication of an infectious agent in the tissues of the host. Asymptomatic or subclinical infection is an infectious process running a course similar to that of clinical disease, but below the threshold of clinical symptoms. Symptomatic or clinical infection is one resulting in clinical signs and symptoms (disease). These activities may include development, implementation and evaluation of educational programs, policies and procedures, and practices that will impact the prevention of infections. Irritant contact dermatitis: the most common form of contact dermatitis caused when substances, such as solvents or other chemicals irritate the skin. The exposure produces red, often more painful than 1 itchy, patches on the involved skin areas. In health care settings, wet work is a common cause of irritant contact dermatitis. Natural moisturizing factor: Substance composed of free amino acids and amino acid derivatives.
- Conditions involving the muscles and the nerves that control them (myasthenia gravis)
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Microscopically cholesterol medication does not affect liver buy discount lasuna 60caps online, there is abnormally layered cortex, typically three to five layers. Children with lissencephaly usually present with epileptic spasms, severe global developmental delay, micro- cephaly, and marked hypotonia during early infancy. The cortex is often thinned and micro- scopically comprises two- to four-layered cortex. Congenital bilateral peri- normal white matter arborization in the left frontal lobe (arrows). Neurons normally have their are marked by abnormal cytologic appearance (dysmorphic neurons) apical dendrites oriented perpendicular with respect to the surface of (arrows) including abnormal nuclear morphology and atypical distri- the brain. Balloon cells are marked histologically by the presence of abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm and eccentrically placed nuclei. Bilateral periventricu- lar nodular heterotopia could be an X-linked dominant condition due to Filamin-A gene mutations. The nodule microscopically is marked by a mixture of neural and glial cells arranged in a disorganized fashion. Heterotopias are collections of mostly normal appearing neurons in abnormal location presumably due to a disturbance in migration. The histologic findings are generally that of lesion most likely represents a form of cortical dysplasia and is seen in a cortical dysplasia and are marked by abnormal cortical lamination, a patients with tuberous sclerosis. Microcalcifications are also prominently noted in this particular microscopic field. Cortical tubers often have a firm, consistency related to gliosis and microcalci- fications. Other pathological findings in the brain of tuberous sclero- sis patients include subependymal nodules and giant cell astrocytomas typically located at the foramen of Monro leading to obstructive hydrocephalus in some patients. The presence of nevus flameus in the distribution of the first division (ophthalmic) of the trigeminal nerve high correlates with the central nervous system involvement. The leptomeninges are marked by a proliferation of venous and capillary vessels arranged in a heman- giomatous configuration. The underlying cortex often demonstrates gliosis with promi- nent microcalcifications. The con- stellations of findings suggest epidermal nevus syndrome, which is a sporadic condition. Epidermal nevus syndromes may be associated with hemimegalencephaly ipsilateral to the facial cutaneous findings. The parenchyma is marked by cystic degeneration accompanied by macrophages and gliosis. Note the relative sparing of the molecular layer that is more commonly observed with infarcts ver- sus contusion.
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Adrenocorticotropic hormone deficiency is one of the least common lowering cholesterol what foods to avoid order lasuna overnight, but most serious of the pituitary hormone disorders resulting from cranial irradiation or prolonged glucocorticoid therapy. Patients at risk for treatment-associated hypopituitarism should be screened periodically after completion of treatment and treated for any deficiencies. Primary hypothyroidism may result from cranial and neck irradiation, or from various drugs used in cancer treatment. Peripheral Neuropathy and Other Chronic Pain Syndromes Chronic pain syndromes may be the result of surgery and radiation therapy; often a neuropathic component exists. Breast cancer survivors treated with breast-conserving surgery and radiation therapy may experience breast pain lasting long after treatment ends. Healthcare Maintenance and Screening for Second Cancers Health and wellness promotion is important for all survivors. Healthy diet, weight management, and exercise enhance well-being and reduce the risks of developing diabetes, cardiovascular disease, other chronic diseases, and second cancers. Smoking and alcohol use are implicated in the development of some cancers; smoking cessation and counseling regarding alcohol use can help reduce the risk. Many survivors have ongoing pulmonary effects of treatment and should have yearly influenza immunizations, as well as periodic immunization against pneumococcus. Those who have had stem cell transplants require immunization, usually beginning three to six months after transplantation. Screening for Second Cancers Second and higher order primary cancers often occur several years, even decades, after treatment for the primary cancer. There is little question that younger cancer survivors should undergo screening for second cancers, but there is not necessarily a consensus regarding screening for second primaries when the cancer survivor is an older adult. The concern is that older patients may not tolerate treatment as well as younger individuals. Age should not be the only criteria on which to make screening decisions; performance status can be more important than age in determining if a particular individual is a candidate for treatment if a second primary is found. It is important for patient and provider to thoroughly discuss all concerns and to periodically revisit the issues. Patients who have recently completed difficult treatment regimens may initially decide that they will never undergo such treatment again, but may feel differently when faced with a new cancer. It is often difficult to tease out which of these are caused by cancer treatments versus genetic, environmental, and other factors that may have led to the development of the initial malignancy. Family history may suggest the presence hereditary predisposition to certain cancers, as can age at diagnosis. Patients whose cancers occur at younger ages than usual or whose families contain cancer clusters should be referred for genetic counseling and testing. The presence of a mutation is often important in guiding screening and risk reduction for siblings or children of cancer survivors. The risk of cancer recurrence is higher in the first few years after treatment, whereas second primaries may not manifest themselves for many years. Screening for recurrence is considered part of surveillance, whereas screening for new primaries is considered secondary screening.
In contrast cholesterol and stress order lasuna discount, an intolerance to a drug is categorized as a type A (augmented) adverse drug reaction. These reactions are the result of an exaggerated, but otherwise normal, pharmacological action of a drug given in the usual therapeutic doses. Examples include bradycardia with beta-blockers, hemorrhage with anticoagulants, or drowsiness with benzodiazepines. Type A reactions are largely predictable on the basis of a drugs known pharmacology. Drug therapy can often be continued with an alteration in dose or other intervention. They are usually dose-dependent and although their incidence and morbidity are often high, their mortality is generally low. Obviously, if a patient has a true allergy to a drug or class of drugs, we want to be aware not to expose the patient to a potentially dangerous or life-threatening situation. However, if a drug is listed as an allergy, but in actuality the patient has not demonstrated allergic symptoms but has experienced an intolerance such as nausea or gastrointestinal distress, the patient should not be precluded from future treatment with the drug as warranted. Example: A patient comes to the emergency room with sustained chest pain and history of angina, hypertension, and coronary artery disease. Morphine (and other narcotic analgesics to a lesser de- gree) is desirable for pain associated with ischemia because of its cardiovascular effects of venous pooling in the extremities causing decreased peripheral resistance. This effect results in decreases in venous return, cardiac work, and pulmonary venous pressure, thus decreasing oxygen demand by the heart. When the family is interviewed, they describe the patients allergy as vomiting in response to morphine following a previous hospitalization. Morphine causes a central nervous system effect on the vomiting center to cause nausea and vomiting by depressing the vomiting center. An increase in vestibular sensitivity may also contribute to the high incidence of nausea and vomiting in ambulatory patients. By questioning the patients family, the emergency room staff was able to conclude that the patient was not truly al- lergic to morphine. Acute pericarditis typically appears within a year of therapy and may result in tamponade. Chronic pericarditis usually causes an asymptomatic pericardial effusion presenting several years after therapy. Chronic pericarditis may resolve spontaneously or may progress to constrictive pericarditis. The overall incidence is low, but risk increases with higher doses, particularly with those delivered to an anterior feld. Patients with a history suggestive of myocardial ischemia who have received mediastinal irradiation should be carefully evaluated regardless of age.
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A proposed diagnostic scheme for people with epileptic sei- Research and Development Fund can cholesterol medication cause vertigo cheap lasuna online. Guidelines for publications from league commissions Stroke, Epilepsy Therapy Project, Epilepsy Research Foundation, Epi- and task forces, 2014. A sound conceptual framework for an epilepsy classifica- Editor of Epilepsia, for which she receives a fee. Terminology and organization of seizures and epilepsies: rad- opment, Pediatric Neurology, and Physiological Research. Epilepsy is both a symptom and a disease: a proposal for a ethical publication and affirm that this report is consistent with those two-tiered classification system. Parietal and occipital lobe epilepsy: a includes sporadic and fever-related infantile seizures. Past medical history, 29 clinical characteristics and skin snips for Onchocerca volvulus detection were obtained from participants. More skin snip-positive participants 34 reported a family history of epilepsy (p=0. Positive correlations between seizure frequency and microfilarial density were 36 observed in Logo (Spearman-rho=0. Our study revealed that the frequency of seizures increased with increasing number of 52 O. A wide spectrum of seizures was observed, 53 including generalized tonic-clonic seizures, absence seizures, and focal seizures. Specific clinical presentations such as nodding seizures and 55 Nakalanga features were encountered. However, the physiopathology explaining how Onchocerca volvulus (the parasite responsible for the 63 clinical manifestations of onchocerciasis) may cause seizures remains unclear. Additional data to investigate the relationship 74 between seizures and infection with O. The ecology and setting was similar in 87 all study sites; these were essentially rural communities, with several fast-flowing rivers providing suitable 88 breeding grounds for the blackflies (Simulium spp), vectors of O. Prior to the start of the study, local authorities were contacted and the study was explained to them in 96 detail. After obtaining their collaboration, we proceeded to recruit participants using a community-based 97 approach. Massive sensitization was carried out in the target villages, inviting persons known to have 98 epilepsy to spontaneously report to the mobile clinics set up by the research team at the health centers. Participants weight was measured using a weighing scale, and their heights obtained with a 106 stadiometer.
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The interval of time for sensitization to a substance can vary from days or weeks cholesterol levels while breastfeeding order genuine lasuna on line, to up to months or years and can occur after a single exposure or multiple re-exposures. Recommendations for the Prevention, Detection and Management of Occupational Contact Dermatitis 2019 30 Factors such as temperature, humidity, genetic predisposition and previous or concurrent skin irritation 42 can contribute to allergic sensitization. For example, there is no universal agreement on the definitions of eczema and dermatitis, which are often used interchangeably. Although eczema can occur elsewhere on the body, the focus of this document is on hand dermatitis, also referred to as hand eczema. Occupational contact dermatitis can be acute (lasting for less than three months and/or occurring only once in a calendar year) or chronic (lasting for at least three months, with at least two relapses in a 45 calendar year). Chronic eczema, which ranges in severity from mild to severe, can be quite disabling 46,47 for workers, impacting their quality of life and ability to work. Dermatitis often begins with dryness and mild erythema (redness) that can progress to cracking, fissures and weeping vesicles (blisters) in severe dermatitis. Those with chronic dermatitis, particularly atopic dermatitis, may develop lichenification (thickening of the epidermis and accentuation of skin lines) as a result of chronic rubbing 48 or scratching. See Appendix A for additional considerations for infection prevention and control relevant to disease severity. Recommendations for the Prevention, Detection and Management of Occupational Contact Dermatitis 2019 31 Table 13. Signs of Dermatitis Based on Severity of Disease* Mild to Moderate to Mild Moderate Moderate Severe Severe Normal Skin Dermatitis Dermatitis Dermatitis Dermatitis Dermatitis No Dryness, Dryness, Dryness, moderate Moderate Severe dryness abnormalities mild erythema erythema, cracking dryness and and erythema, erythema and and scaling, with or erythema, cracking, cracking without some cracking, scaling fissures and minor vesicles and weeping weeping vesicles vesicles * See Appendix A for more information on infection prevention and control practices (hand hygiene, glove use and patient care) based on disease severity. The hands are the most common body area affected by occupational contact dermatitis. Figure 4 illustrates the appearance of the hands with dermatitis of varying severity. Occupational contact urticaria appears on the 13 skin as red, itchy, swollen wheals or hives that range in size and can appear anywhere on the body. In health care settings, exposure to powdered latex gloves has been the most common cause of occupational contact urticaria. In addition to skin symptoms, respiratory symptoms ranging from nasal stuffiness and runny nose, up to severe asthmatic reactions and anaphylaxis, have been reported due to exposure to latex proteins in glove powder. Recommendations related to occupational contact urticaria were generally out of scope for this report. Rates for incidence, prevalence and reoccurrence of occupational contact dermatitis are difficult to reconcile due to the breadth of subdiagnostic classifications, use of different diagnostic tools and outcome 52-56 definitions; misclassifications; unreported disease; and/or data limitations. Application of a concise set of subdiagnostic groups with consistent definitions in clinical work and clinical trials will improve the 53 quality of data, thus providing more accurate and comparable rates of occupational contact dermatitis.
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Echocardiographic guidance of catheter-based and visualization of ow dynamics in atrial septal defect and partial treatments of atrial septal defect: transesophageal echocardiography anomalous pulmonary venous return total cholesterol levels nz cheap lasuna 60caps mastercard. Feasibility, safety, and ecacy defects in adults comparing cardiovascular magnetic resonance with of real-time three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography transoesophageal echocardiography. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 2010; for guiding device closure of interatrial communications: initial 12: 44. Community use of the imaging and invasive oximetry for quantication of atrial shunts. Closure of atrial septal resonance imaging evaluation of sinus venosus defects: comparison to defect with the Amplatzer septal occluder in adults. Short and long Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Writing term complications of device closure of atrial septal defect and patent Committee to Develop Guidelines on the Management of Adults with foramen ovale: meta-analysis of 28,142 patients from 203 studies. American Society of Echocardiography, Heart Rhythm Society, 107 Divekar A, Gaamangwe T, Shaikh N, Raabe M, Ducas J. International Society for Adult Congenital Heart Disease, Society for Cardiac perforation after device closure of atrial septal defects with Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and Society of the Amplatzer septal occluder. Erosion of Amplatzer septal occluder device after cardiac form and function after transcatheter closure of secundum closure of secundum atrial septal defects: review of registry of atrial septal defects. Late erosion of an Amplatzer defect: importance of ventricular diastolic function. Adverse events associated 128 Cottens D, Van De Bruaene A, Troost E, Willems R, Moons P, with nickel allergy in patients undergoing percutaneous atrial septal Budts W. Inuence of percutaneous transcatheter closure of an atrial defect or patent foramen ovale closure. Atrial myocardial outcomes after transcatheter or surgical treatment of pathoelectrophysiology in adults with a secundum atrial septal defect hemodynamically signicant isolated secundum atrial septal defect. Determinants of and exercise capacity in patients older than 40 years with a reduction cardiopulmonary functional improvement after transcatheter atrial in cardiopulmonary function. Predictors of atrial transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect in children and adults. Outcome of pregnancy in women with function after percutaneous atrial septal defect device closure.
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During a seizure high cholesterol chart uk purchase lasuna 60caps otc, brain cells can fre at up to four times their normal rate, temporarily affecting how a person behaves, moves, thinks, or feels. A seizure occurs when there is abnormal and overactive electrical activity of brain cells. Some people with epilepsy have strange or odd sensations (bad smells, unusual or bad tastes, and changes in vision) right before they have a seizure. The persons symptoms will vary with the part of the brain where the seizure occurs. If the seizure occurs in the part of the brain that controls arm movement, then the seizure may consist of thrashing arm movements. If the seizure occurs in the part of the brain responsible for sensation, then the seizure may include an unusual feeling like pins and needles. Almost all seizures are relatively brief, lasting from a few seconds to a few minutes. Most people with idiopathic seizures are between the ages of 5 and 20 and have no brain injuries or abnormalities of their brain. They get a sensation, feeling, emotion, taste, smell that comes before the seizure. The person may be confused, not know their name or where they are, and may need time to rest and often sleep. There are approximately 200,000 new cases of seizures and epilepsy that occur each year. Prevalence is the total number of existing cases of a disease in a specifc population at a stated point in time. Only about 20% of people experience an aura or a sense that a seizure is going to occur. Doctors recommend that individuals with seizures take their medications regularly and limit their exposure to these triggers. Students with epilepsy have dealt with social isolation, feeling different from others, not being able to participate in sports and activities, being bullied and teased by other students, and thought of as acting out in class when in fact they were having a seizure. These seizures usually stop when the underlying medical/psychological issue is resolved. Help for the person having the seizure from getting seizures hurt by moving any nearby objects out of the way, as necessary.
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N-desmethyl clobazam is an 47292 cooking cholesterol lowering foods order lasuna 60 caps free shipping, which, is then metabolized by acyl-glucuronidation. The plasma exposure of O-desmethyl lacosamide is Effects of Renal Disease about 10% that of lacosamide (128). As the major route of excretion of rufinamide is renal, impaired creatinine clearance will delay elimination and can Effects of Renal Disease result in accumulation of the drug. No significant differ- Because lacosamide is metabolized by the liver and excreted ences have been identified in age-related pharmacokinetics by the kidneys, both renal and hepatic dysfunction alter its of this medication. Impaired renal function does not affect the patients with severe renal impairment (ClCr 30 mL/min) maximum concentration (Cmax) of lacosamide. Effects of Liver Disease Effects of Liver Disease There are no studies specifically studying the effect of Lacosamide undergoes hepatic metabolism. There are no reports in does not induce cytochrome P-450 isoenzymes, at concentra- the literature of worsened liver function. Clinical Recommendations No dose adjustment of lacosamide is necessary for patients Clinical Recommendations with mild to moderate renal impairment. For patients with As with all drugs with extensive renal elimination, lower doses severe renal impairment (Clcr 30 mL/min) or with end-stage are needed to achieve clinical effect when creatinine clearance renal disease, the maximum recommended dose of lacosamide is reduced. It is effectively removed from plasma by lower doses in patients with hepatic impairment. In all renally impaired patients, the dose titration should be performed with caution. In those with mild to moderate impairment, dose titration should be cautious, with close monitoring, and the Lacosamide [(R)-2-acetamido-N-benzyl-3-methoxypropi- maximum dose should not exceed 300 mg daily. Patients with onamide] is one of a group of functionalized amino acids coexisting hepatic and renal impairment should be monitored screened for anticonvulsant properties. Care should be taken to tive O-desmethyl metabolite (127) with an elimination half- avoid further diminishing organ function while a patient waits life of 15 to 23 hours. However, this interval prior Lacosamide and its metabolite are eliminated from the sys- to transplantation may be the optimal time to re-evaluate the temic circulation primarily by renal excretion. Neoral, a newer formulation of versible and progressive liver dysfunction for which no alterna- cyclosporine, appears to reduce the potential for seizures in tive therapy is available. All formulations of than age 70 years or in patients with coexistent active alcohol cyclosporine are highly protein bound, with potential for or drug abuse. Immun- interaction may precipitate or exacerbate graft-versus-host osuppression is usually accomplished by combinations of disease and lead to rejection. After reversing neu- from primary nonfunction, acute or chronic rejection, rologic findings by discontinuation of cyclosporine, substitu- ischemia, hepatic artery thrombosis, and biliary obstruction or tion with tacrolimus did not result in neurotoxicity (135). Bacterial, viral, fungal, and other opportunistic infections Like cyclosporine, however, tacrolimus is highly protein may occur, as well as renal and psychiatric disorders (129). Graft survival is best in Prednisone and other corticosteroids may be used before living-related transplants, intermediate in living-unrelated transplantation as well as chronically in combination with transplants, and least in cadaveric transplants. Immunosuppression usually consists of a two- or three-drug regimen, with each drug Seizures and Infections targeted at a different stage in the immune response.